In England, the Agricultural Revolution began in the 1780's with new methods of farming and fertilizing soil, and the Industrial Revolution with textiles (spinning thread, weaving cloth and stockings). It really got going in the 1830's when the steam engine was used in the first railways.was a period of fundamental changes in agriculture, textile and metal manufacturing, transportation, economic policies and the very social structure in England. This period is appropriately labeled 'revolution', for it completely destroyed the old way of doing things and transformed the country; yet at the same time the term 'revolution' isn't appropriate, for it implies abrupt change- the Industrial Revolution was a gradual thing.

The British North American colonies were fairly dependent on manufactured goods from England and the North-eastern US. What Canada had in abundance was the raw materials (coal, metals, fish, lumber and beaver) needed to fuel the industries abroad, agriculture, and whatever was done by hand. We had water, wind and steam power, just like the U.S. Canada also had entrepreneurs and people who had the necessary resources to go to Britain and the States to explore how to set up factories and complex processing sites here in Canada.

Because Canada was a newly developed country the effects of the Industrial Revolution were not as pronounced as they were in England or even the US.

For a more detailed overview of the history of Labour Law, please visit: .